Clarissa Mae L. Lee,
Jimmy A. Billod
Baguio General Hospital and Medical Center - Department of Health
August 1-November 30, 2020
OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer is the most common gynecological cancer and the most preventable cancer
among women. 93% of cervical cancers had infection with HPV. This study aims to evaluate the factors
towards practices and perceived barriers of reproductive aged women on HPV infection, vaccination and
screening by looking into demographic variables, knowledge and attitudes of respondents towards HPV
infection, vaccination and screening.
METHOD: This research is a descriptive cross sectional study. A self-administered questionnaire created
by the researchers and validated by three specialists was used in assessing the knowledge, attitudes, practices
and barriers towards HPV infection, screening and prevention. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize
the data sets. Chi square test of association was used to analyze the association of age, knowledge, attitude
to the history of screening and vaccination and general practices of respondents regarding HPV infection,
screening and prevention.
RESULTS: Between August and November 2020, 81 women participated in the study. Results shows that
respondents have poor knowledge (Mean: 8.74; Ref: ≥13) but with positive attitude (M: 3.13) towards HPV
infection, screening and vaccination. Majority of respondents did not undergo any screening procedure
(70.4%) nor received HPV vaccination (92.6%). Although, respondents had generally good practices that
prevents HPV infection. Marital status and age were found to be associated with HPV infection prevention
practices. However, knowledge on screening and vaccination was not associated with demographic variables.
CONCLUSION: This study shows that knowledge on HPV infection, screening and vaccination was
generally poor. Majority of respondents have not undergone screening tests or vaccination. Major reasons
identified for this are feelings of anxiety, inability to communicate desire to get screened, cost of vaccine and
lack of information. Hence, information dissemination and counseling regarding the disease, its screening
and vaccination should be strengthened.
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